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What Are The Common Insomnia Causes, And How To Cure It?


Insomnia, defined as persistent difficulty falling or staying asleep, is a common sleep disorder that affects up to 30% of adults at some point in their lives. Getting adequate sleep is crucial for both physical and mental health, so finding ways to cure insomnia is important for overall well-being. This article will examine the causes of insomnia and provide tips for how to cure it naturally. 

Understanding Insomnia

Insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early and not being able to fall back asleep. It becomes a disorder when these symptoms occur frequently and impact daytime functioning.

Insomnia Causes And Cures

Acute insomnia lasts for days or weeks, while chronic insomnia is persistent for a month or longer. Insomnia can be related to lifestyle choices, health conditions, medications, or mental health disorders. It often co-occurs with conditions like anxiety, depression, chronic pain, and sleep apnea. 

Also Check: 8 Tricks For A Better Night Sleep – Proven Methods For Deeper, More Restful Sleep

Common Causes Of Insomnia

There are several factors that can trigger or worsen insomnia:

  • Stress – Work, family, health, or other stresses keep the mind too active at night. This hyperarousal makes it hard to relax into sleep.
  • Disruptive environments – Noise, light, uncomfortable temperatures, or an uncomfortable bed can make it hard to fall and stay asleep. 
  • Poor sleep habits – Irregular sleep schedules, napping during the day, and using electronic devices before bed can disrupt the body’s sleep-wake cycle.
  • Food and drinks – Caffeine, alcohol, heavy meals, and spicy foods before bed can interfere with sleep. Dehydration may also play a role.
  • Medications – Various prescription and over-the-counter drugs like antidepressants and cold medicines can cause insomnia. 
  • Chronic pain – Conditions like arthritis, migraines, fibromyalgia, or back pain make it hard to get comfortable enough to sleep.
  • Mental health issues – Anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and PTSD commonly cause insomnia. Racing thoughts keep the mind active when it needs to wind down.

How To Cure Insomnia?

Making lifestyle changes and following good sleep hygiene practices can help relieve insomnia without the need for medication in many cases. Here are some of the most effective natural remedies:

  • Maintain a regular sleep schedule – Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends. This regulates the body’s circadian rhythms.  
  • Limit daytime naps – Napping reduces the sleep drive at night. If needed, limit naps to 30 minutes before 3 PM.
  • Exercise daily – Moderate aerobic exercise helps reduce stress and promotes good sleep. Time exercise so it’s not too close to bedtime.
  • Limit caffeine and nicotine – Avoid caffeinated drinks after 2 PM and cut back on overall intake. Nicotine is also a stimulant that can disrupt sleep.  
  • Reduce evening screen use – Don’t use phones, tablets, computers, or TV right before bed. The blue light suppresses melatonin production.
  • Create a relaxing bedtime routine – Take a warm bath, read a book, listen to calming music, do light stretches, or practice breathing exercises.
  • Use the bedroom only for sleep – Don’t watch TV or work in bed so the brain associates the bedroom just with sleep.
  • Make the bedroom comfortable – Use comfortable bedding, maintain a comfortable temperature, and block out excess noise and light. 
  • Avoid large meals before bed – Eat dinner at least two to three hours before bedtime. If hungry at night, have a light snack like yogurt. Drink plenty of fluids during the day but limit intake before bed.

Following good sleep hygiene consistently can help establish healthy sleep patterns. If insomnia persists for over a month using these methods, consult a doctor or sleep specialist for additional guidance. Prescription medications or cognitive behavioral therapy may be recommended in stubborn cases.

Read More: Depression In Women: All About Its Effects, Role Of Hormones And More


Insomnia is a widespread issue that can seriously impact the quality of life and health. The most common causes include stress, disruptive environments, poor sleep habits, food and drinks, medications, chronic pain, and mental health disorders like anxiety and depression. Making lifestyle changes like keeping a regular sleep-wake schedule, winding down before bedtime, limiting stimulants, and making the bedroom comfortable can help establish healthy sleep.

Addressing underlying physical and mental health issues is also important. Persistent insomnia should be discussed with a healthcare provider to explore medical treatment options and rule out other conditions. Applying both lifestyle remedies and medical guidance as needed can help overcome insomnia.


Q: How much sleep does an adult need?

A: Most adults need 7-9 hours of sleep per night for optimal health, productivity, and daytime alertness. The exact amount of sleep needed varies between individuals based on factors like age, activity level, and genes. 

Q: What foods and drinks help promote sleep?  

A: Foods and drinks high in compounds like tryptophan, magnesium, calcium, and melatonin can help promote sleep. Examples include chamomile tea, tart cherry juice, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and fatty fish like salmon. Avoid heavy or spicy meals close to bedtime.

Q: When should I see a doctor for insomnia?

A: See a doctor if insomnia makes it hard to function during the day, if the inability to sleep persists for over a month, or if it occurs with other medical conditions or mental health disorders. A doctor can check for underlying issues and refer you to a sleep specialist if needed.

Q: Are sleep medications safe and effective?

A: Sleep medications like Ambien can help in the short term but risk side effects like daytime drowsiness. They should be used with caution and only as a last resort after making lifestyle changes. Medications work best when combined with changes in sleep habits.

Q: What natural supplements aid sleep?  

A: Some natural supplements that may improve sleep include melatonin, magnesium, valerian root, glycine, and lavender. Consult a doctor before using supplements since quality and doses vary. Start with the lowest dose that provides results.

Dr. Harold Gojiberry is not just your ordinary General Practitioner; he is a compassionate healthcare provider with a deep commitment to patient well-being and a passion for literature. With extensive medical knowledge and experience, Dr. Gojiberry has made a significant impact in the field of healthcare, particularly in the area of liver diseases and viral hepatitis.

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