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Morning Cough: Common Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment


Methodology

Waking up coughing is an unpleasant, disruptive symptom that keeps many people from getting restful sleep and leaves them struggling through the day exhausted. Pinpointing the origin of morning cough through diagnosis allows specific treatment to cure the condition at its source and regain comfort. 

Understanding Morning Cough

A chronic, persistent morning cough is one that occurs for an extended period of awakening without other respiratory symptoms like congestion.

Morning Cough

It typically improves as the day progresses. Morning cough can occur in healthy people but may indicate underlying disease. Determining causation is key.

Common Causes Of Morning Cough 

▪️ Postnasal drip

Excess mucus drips down the throat overnight and triggers coughing upon waking. Affected by allergies, colds, and sinusitis.

▪️ Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Stomach acid irritates the throat while lying down during sleep, provoking a cough.

▪️ Asthma

Airway inflammation and narrowing often worsen at night, leading to coughing fits in the morning.

Chronic bronchitis

Constant irritation and inflammation make the airways prone to spasmodic morning cough. Often caused by smoking or air pollution.

▪️ Medications

ACE inhibitor blood pressure medications notoriously cause chronic dry cough for some.

▪️ Heart failure

Fluid retention in the lungs at night leads to a cough upon waking as the lungs clear.

Less common causes include lung cancer, sarcoidosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and cystic fibrosis. Most share daytime cough symptoms also.

Diagnosing The Cause

Tests help identify the source:

  • Spirometry – Assesses lung capacity and airflow. 
  • Chest x-ray – Checks for indications of infection, fibrosis, and heart failure.
  • Endoscopy – Views throat and esophagus to assess postnasal drip or reflux.
  • CT scan – Provides detailed lung imaging to identify issues.
  • Lab tests – Evaluate for allergies, asthma, and cystic fibrosis.  

Often trial of treatment identifies the cause based on symptom improvement or lack thereof.

Effective Treatment Approaches

  • Allergy management – Antihistamines, nasal sprays, air filters for pollen/dust.
  • PPIs – Powerful acid reflux medications like omeprazole or pantoprazole. 
  • Steroid inhaler – Albuterol opens airways for asthma. Inhaled steroids reduce inflammation.
  • ACE inhibitor substitute – Replace with another blood pressure medication lacking cough side effects.
  • Smoking cessation – Quitting smoking if chronic bronchitis triggers.
  • Humidifier – Adds moisture to soothe dry irritated airways.

Preventive Measures

?? Avoid eating close to bedtime – Helps prevent acid reflux from lying down too soon after meals.

?? Use extra pillows – Raise head elevation while sleeping to mitigate postnasal drip and reflux.

?? Treat seasonal allergies – Reduces irritating mucus production with antihistamines and nasal sprays.

?? Improve indoor air quality – Use air filters and humidifiers to reduce dust, dander, and dryness.

?? Stop smoking – Eliminates chronic morning cough triggered by constant smoke irritation.

?? Practice good sleep hygiene – Adequate rest reduces cough-triggering inflammation.

?? Lose excess weight – Lessens intra-abdominal pressure against the stomach preventing reflux.

?? Avoid dusty environments – Wearing masks when cleaning or outdoors curtails irritation.

?? Manage illnesses Treating conditions like asthma, sinusitis, and bronchitis prevents flare-ups.

Limit alcohol and cough suppressants – These can worsen reflux and mucus production.

When To Seek Medical Help?  

Consult a doctor if the morning cough persists over 2 weeks or if these red flags occur:

Fever, chills, chest pain

Cough producing blood or pus  

Wheezing, difficulty breathing

Unexplained weight loss

Swollen feet or ankles indicate heart failure

Seek immediate care for severe symptoms like high fever, fainting, or cough suddenly worsening.

Conclusion

While annoying, morning cough is rarely a sign of serious illness and is typically treatable once the root cause is identified. Paying attention to triggers and seeing a doctor for persistent chronic cough leads to proper diagnosis and treatment to curtail symptoms.

FAQs 

1. Why does reflux cause morning cough?

Lying down allows stomach acid to reflux up and irritate the throat. Coughing helps clear the irritation.

2. Does postnasal drip cause coughing at night?

No, the drainage triggers coughing upon rising in the morning as stale mucus accumulates overnight.

3. Can inhalers help cough from lung problems? 

Yes, inhalers open airways, reduce inflammation, and prevent spasms to reduce chronic cough from issues like asthma.

4. When should you worry about morning cough?

If severe, persistent past 2 weeks, accompanied by worrisome symptoms like unexplained weight loss or bloody phlegm.

5. Can losing weight help acid reflux and cough?

Yes, excess weight contributes to reflux. Losing weight lessens intra-abdominal pressure against the stomach.

Dr. Harold Gojiberry is not just your ordinary General Practitioner; he is a compassionate healthcare provider with a deep commitment to patient well-being and a passion for literature. With extensive medical knowledge and experience, Dr. Gojiberry has made a significant impact in the field of healthcare, particularly in the area of liver diseases and viral hepatitis.

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